American Shotokan Karate Federation
American Shotokan
Karate Federation

Terminology

Karate Terminology

General Terms

English Japanese Pronunciation
Instructor Sensei Sen-Say
Karate Practitioner Karate-ka Kah-rah-tay-kah
The Way of Karate Karate-do Kah-rah-tay-doh
Tutor Sempai Sem-pie
Student Kohai Co-hi
Training Studio Dojo Doe-joe

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Counting

English Japanese Pronunciation
One Ichi Each
Two Ni Nee
Three San Saan
Four Shi She
Five Go Go
Six Roku Roe-koo
Seven Shichi She-chee
Eight Hachi Ha-chee
Nine Ku Koo
Ten Ju Joo

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Class Terms

English Japanese Pronunciation
Get Ready Yoi Yoy (like toy)
Begin Hajime Ha-gee-may
Starting Position Yame Yaw-may
Spirit Yell Kiai Kee-eye
Yes Hai Hi
Understood Osu Oss
Line Up Narande Na-ron-day
Highest Ranking Tutor Dai Sempai Die Sem-pie
Attention Kiotsuke Kee-oat-sue-kay
Bow to the front Shomen Ni Rei Show-men Ni-ray
Bow to the instructor Sensei Ni Rei Sen-say Ni-ray
Kneel Seiza Say-zah
Meditate Mokuso Mo-k-so

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Practice Terms

English Japanese Pronunciation
Formal Technique Kihon Key-hone
Formal Exercise Kata Kah-Tah
Practice Fighting Kumite Koo-ma-tay
General Techniques Waza Wah-zah
Performance Line Embusen Em-boo-sen
Formal Exercise vs. Attackers Bunkai Bun-ki
Attacker Uke Uoo-kay
Defender Tori Toe-ree

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Stances

English Japanese Pronunciation
Horse Riding Stance Kiba Dachi Key-ba Dach
Back Stance Kokutsu Dachi Ko-koot-soo Dach
Cat Stance Neko Ashi Dachi Nay-ko Ah-she Dach
Front Stance Zenkutsu Dachi Zen-koot-soo Dach
Ready Stance, Toes Together Heisoku Dachi He-sew-koo Dach
Ready Stance, Toes Apart Musubi Dach Moo-sue-bee Dach
Natural Stance, Feet Shoulder Width Heiko Dachi Hey-ko Dach
Natural Stance, Toes Pointed Out Soto Hachiji Dachi Sew-Toe Ha-chee-gee Dach

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Blocks

English Japanese Pronunciation
Rising Block Age Uke Ah-gay Uoo-kay
Downward Block Gedan Barai Uke Gay-dawn Bah-rye Uoo-kay
Knife Hand Block Shuto Uke Shue-toe Uoo-kay
Two-Handed Block Morote Uke Moe-row-tay Uoo-kay
Outside Block Soto Ude Uke Sew-Toe Uoo-day Uoo-kay
Inside Block Uchi Ude Uke Uoo-chee Uoo-day Uoo-kay

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Punches

English Japanese Pronunciation
Lunge Punch Oi Zuki Oy Zue-key
Reverse Punch Gyaku Zuki Kee-ah-koo Zue-key
Jab Punch Kizami Zuki Kee-za-mee Zue-key
Hook Punch Kagi Zuki Kah-kee Zue-key
“U” Punch Yama Zuki Yah-mah Zue-key
Double Punch Morote Zuki Moe-row-tay Zue-key
Rising Punch Age Zuki Ah-gay Zue-key
Spear Hand Nukite Zuki New-kee-tee Zue-key
Palm Punch Teisho Zuki Tee-show Zue-key
One Knuckle Punch Ippon Ken Zuki Eep-pone Ken Zue-key

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Strikes

English Japanese Pronunciation
Bottom Fist Strike Tettsui Uchi Tet-t’suey Uooch
Back Hand Strike Haishu Uchi Hi-shoe Uooch
Knife Hand Strike Shuto Uchi Shoe-toe Uooch
Ridge Hand Strike Haito Uchi Hi-toe Uooch
Palm Heel Strike Teisho Uchi Tee-show Uooch
Elbow Strike Empi Uchi Em-pee Uooch

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Kicks

English Japanese Pronunciation
Front Kick Mae Geri May Gary
Round Kick Mawashi Geri Ma-wa-shee Gary
Snap Kick Keage Kee-ah-gee
Crescent Kick Mikazuki Geri Mee-ka-zue-kee Gary
Side Kick Yoko Geri Yo-ko Gary
Back Kick Ushiro Geri Uoo-she-row Gary
Thrust Kick Kekomi Kay-ko-mee

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Directional

English Japanese Pronunciation
Rising Age Ah-gay
Sweeping Barai Bah-rye
Middle Chudan Chew-dawn
Lower Gedan Gay-dawn
Reverse Gyaku Kee-ah-koo
High/Upper Jodan Joe-dawn
Right Migi Me-kee
Left Hidari He-da-ree
Sideway Yoko Yo-ko
Backward Ushiro Uoo-she-row

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Anatomy

English Japanese Pronunciation
Foot Ashi Ah-she
Knee hiza Hee-za
Heel Kakato Kaw-kaw-toe
Ball of Foot Koshi Koe-she
Hand Te Tay
Side Edge of Heel Sokuto Sew-koo-toe
Arm Ude Uoo-day

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